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Come visitare Roma, la città eterna in soli 2 giorni
La Storia di ,Roma Italy
Roma è capitale d’Italia dal 1871 e si erge su 7 colli (Aventino, Campidoglio, Celio, Esquilino, Palatino, Quirinale e Viminale). La città si estende su una superficie di 1’285 km² ed è abitata da tre milioni di abitanti. Contando anche l’aerea metropolitana si arriva a quasi quattro milioni di abitando che oggi vivono in ciò che è stata identificata come la guida e la culla della civilizzazione occidentale. In effetti, la storia di Roma iniziò più di 2’500 anni fa. Essa ha rappresentato il centro dell’Impero romano, che ha dominato l’Europa, l’Africa del Nord ed il Medio Oriente per più di 500 anni, dal I secolo a.c. fino al V secolo d.c. Inoltre, Roma occupa un ruolo guida nel cristianesimo e ospita la sede della chiesa cattolico-romana e la città del Vaticano, lo Stato sovrano governato dal Papa.
La Piazza San Pietro di, Roma Italy
La Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano è oggi il simbolo stesso della religione cattolica, nonché dello Stato del Vaticano. La storia della sua costruzione fu lunga e nel corso dei decenni maestri e papi si susseguirono variando e migliorando i progetti iniziali. Il via ufficiale alla sua costruzione avvenne il 18 aprile 1506 sotto il pontificato di Giulio II e si concluse 120 anni dopo, durante il papato di papa Urbano VIII. Per il completamente della piazza antistante, invece, si dovette attendere il 1667.
che potete raggiungere comodamente scendendo alla fermata della metro Ottaviano-San Pietro.. Entrate subito a visitare la basilica di San Pietro la più grande.Prestate attenzione a cosa. Non sono ammesse minigonne, né pantaloncini, né spalle nude. Non perdetevi poi le Grotte Vaticane situate sotto la basilica per tutta la sua lunghezza. Qui trovate le tombe di molti papi, ai Musei Vaticani che si trovano nelle vicinanze. Uno dei più bei complessi museali al mondo, ospita una strepitosa collezione di opere d’arte raccolte da diversi papi nel corso dei secoli. Comprate i biglietti on-line, eviterete la fila all’ingresso.
La Ponte Sant’Angelo di, Roma Italiy
Attraversando Ponte Sant’Angelo e concedetevi una passeggiata tra vicoli e piazze che mantengono ancora oggi un carattere romano autentico.Iniziato dall’imperatore Adriano nel 125 quale suo mausoleo funebre, ispirandosi all’ormai completo mausoleo di Augusto, fu ultimato da Antonino Pio nel 139. Venne costruito di fronte al Campo Marzio al quale fu unito da un ponte appositamente costruito, il Ponte Elio. Il mausoleo era composto da una base cubica, rivestita in marmo lunense, avente un fregio decorativo a teste di buoi (Bucrani) e lesene angolari.
stoia – Ponte Sant’Angelo, once the Aelian Bridge or Pons Aelius, meaning the Bridge of Hadrian, is a Roman bridge in Rome, Italy, completed in 134 AD by Roman EmperorHadrian, to span the Tiber, from the city center to his newly constructed mausoleum, now the towering Castel Sant’Angelo. The bridge is faced with travertine marble and spans the Tiber with five arches, three of which are Roman; it was approached by means of ramp from the river. The bridge is now solely pedestrian, and provides a scenic view of Castel Sant’Angelo. It links the rioni of Ponte (which was named after the bridge itself), and Borgo, to whom the bridge administratively belongs
La Fontana di Trevi a ,Roma Italy
Come visitare Roma e non andare a vedere il monumento più famoso nel mondo cinematografico! Il tema della scultura è il mare. La scenografia è dominata da un cocchio, a forma di conchiglia sul quale è adagiata la grande statua di Oceano di Pietro Bracci, affiancata nelle nicchie laterali dalle statue della Salubrità e dell’Abbondanza, opera di Filippo della Valle; il cocchio è trainato da cavallucci marini, a loro volta preceduti da tritoni. Nella fontana, scultura e architettura barocca si compenetrano e si fondono perfettamente, in un suggestivo
Nel 1640 Urbano VIII Barberini decise che la fontana doveva cambiare orientamento e affidò il progetto a Gian Lorenzo Bernini. I lavori di costruzione però si limitarono alla messa in opera di un basamento con una vasca davanti in cui si incontrano tre bocche d’acqua. Nel 1732 Clemente XII Corsini organizza un concorso per la sistemazione della Fontana di Trevi a cui prendono parte gli artisti più importanti dell’epoca. Tra i progetti dell’architetto Nicola Salvi, il papa predilige quello più monumentale che possa interferire poco con il retrostante palazzo Poli. Salvi con grande competenza e professionalità è a capo dei lavori di costruzione dell’opera dal 1732 fino al 1752, anno della sua morte, affiancato dal suo grande amico Luigi Vanvitelli.
La Colosseum di ,Rome Italy
The Colosseum is the world’s largest amphitheater and one of the most recognizable symbols of Rome.
Construction of this grandiose building, also known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in 70 AD by order of emperor Vespasian. Ten years later, it was completed under the rule of his son, Titus. The building’s opening ceremony in 80 AD was as impressive as the Colosseum itself, lasting for 100 days with games such as animal fighting and gladiator duels.
With dimensions of 513 by 620 feet, the Colosseum held between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, averaging 65,000 attendants per event — a remarkable number even by today’s standards. Made of concrete and stone, this arena was in use for over 390 years and saw the deaths of more than 400,000 people and nearly a million animals.
The Colosseum was built by more than 60,000 Jewish slaves, who finished it in just ten years. The arena was later renovated several times, with underground tunnels (the hypogeum) added by emperor Domitian to hold animals and slaves, and a red canvas covering installed to shield spectators from rain.
The Colosseum was a venue for more than just gladiatorial games, though, used also for public executions and mythological plays. The Romans would often re-enact famous military victories, with free admission and food for all visitors. Perhaps the most spectacular events at the Colosseum, though, were the mock naval battles in the flooded arena.
These staged sea battles, called naumachiae, were held in places which could easily be flooded. The first recorded naumachia relates to the name of Julius Ceasar, just two years before he was assassinated. Namely, he wanted to celebrate some of his military efforts to Gaul and Egypt in 46 BC, hence he gave orders that a basin needs to be excavated in the proximity of river Tiber. The basin was used for an event in which some 2,000 prisoners fought against each other to the death. Four thousand rowers were present at the mock battle as well.
Some four decades later, in 2 BC, it was now the turn of Emperor Augustus. He had ordered the creation of similar basin, also by the river Tiber, and another event was staged. Some 3,000 peoples and 30 ships participated
The first naval battle at the Colosseum was held in 80 AD, during the arena’s opening ceremony. Emperor Titus ordered the amphitheater to be flooded and had special flat-bottomed ships designed to accommodate for the shallow water. Historians still don’t know how exactly these sea battles were organized, but the ships used at the arena were likely smaller replicas of real Roman ships.
No physical evidence of naumachiae at the Colosseum remains, but several ancient writers, such as Cassius Dio and Suetonius, described these events. The arena could apparently be filled with water and drained very quickly. The first naumachia at the Colosseum had 3000 combatants and replicated the battle between Athens and Syracuse. There was even an artificial island made in the middle of the arena, where the sailors landed and continued the fights. Another naval battle the Colosseum was documented in 89 AD, orchestrated by Emperor Domitian, and this is the latest recorded naumachia in the history.
The first naumachia at the Colosseum had 3000 combatants and replicated an ancient battle between Athens and Syracuse. An artificial island was even built in the middle of the arena, where the sailors would disembark and continue to fight. Another naval battle in the Colosseum was staged in 89 AD by Domitian, which was the last recorded naumachia in Rome.
Instant ticket delivery
Smartphone tickets accepted
Opening hoursToday: 08:30 – 16:30
- Priority entrance into the Colosseum
- Access to the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill
- A downloadable map of the Colosseum
- Tickets include access to the Roman Forum – the hub of the ancient city – and the Palatine Hill – the city’s most sought-after real estate in the time of the emperors
- Go to the ‘Individual Entrance Gate’ at the Colosseum 30 minutes before your booked time slot
- Take the line for ‘Visitors with Reservations’ at the time booked
- Scan your smartphone ticket at the turnstile and enjoy your visit
- Skip the security line
Access to the Colosseum’s 4th and 5th floors
Access to the Underground level
It gives you full access to Rome’s public transport system, free entry to one or two of Rome’s key attractions (depending on which option you pick) and discounts for further museum visits. Just pick it up from the Tourist Info Point and you’re off! You’ll save money, time and stress
You’ll receive free entry to one or two of Rome’s many world-class museums and ancient sites. Of course, visiting the Colosseum and the National Museum of Castel S. Angelo (for example) may leave you wanting more, and you’ll receive discounts of between 30-70% for additional museum visits. Not only that, but the Colosseum and Castel Sant’Angelo feature special lines for pass holders so you’ll get in quicker too.
- Enjoy free entry to one or two of Rome’s finest museums
- Save money with additional discounts for other must-see museums and fantastic sites
- Ride all of Rome’s public transport for free
- For the active visitor, the pass can save you a lot of money. On the 48 Hour ticket, a tourist who visits five sites will save about €30, and an eager beaver on the 72 Hour ticket who visits ten sites will save an average of €70.
The card can be used at the following museums:
- Colosseum, Palatine Hill and Roman Forum
- National Museum of Castel S. Angelo
- Galleria Borghese
- Musei Capitolini
- Museo Dell’Ara Pacis
- National Gallery of Modern Art (Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna)
- Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica – Palazzo Barberini/Palazzo Corsini
- Mercati di Traiano
- Scavi di Ostia Antica
La Palatine Hill ,Rome Italy
The Palatine Hill (/ˈpælətaɪn/; Latin: Collis Palatium or Mons Palatinus; Italian: Palatino[palaˈtiːno]) is the centremost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city. It stands 40 metres above the Roman Forum, looking down upon it on one side, and upon the Circus Maximus on the other. From the time of Augustus Imperial palaces were built here.
The Palatine is the most famous of Rome’s seven hills, and has played an important role in the city’s history, starting from the days of its foundation. It was the legendary first home of Romulus and Remus, and was later chosen by emperors and aristocrats for their luxurious villas. Towering over the Roman Forum and the Circus Maximus, the Palatine offers spectacular views of Rome, and a chance to learn about the fascinating myths and history of Ancient Rome.
Despite the hill’s fame and its central location, many visitors to Rome are unaware of why it’s so important. The Tours of Ancient Rome often neglect the main site of its history. Here are some things that you (probably) didn’t know about the Palatine:
“Palatine” is the origin of the word “palace”. As well as “palace” in English, “palazzo” in Italian and “palais” in French also derive from “Palatine”.
. Romulus is also believed to have lived in an iron-age hut on the Palatine. The Casa Romuli (Hut of Romulus) was a simple, one-room hut dating back to the 8th century BC, located on the south-western corner of the hill, and although it was repeatedly damaged by fires, it was always venerated by the Romans and carefully restored. The foundations of the hut are still visible today, and can be seen on a tour of the Palatine.
The emperor Augustus was born on the Palatine. Gaius Octavius – later Augustus – was born in a house on the Palatine in 63 BC. By this period the Palatine was inhabited by various wealthy families, including the rich equestrian family of the future emperor.
The frescoes in the House of Augustus and the House of Livia are some of the most beautiful (and best-preserved) ancient art in Rome. Augustus returned to the Palatine as an adult, and lived in a luxurious villa with his wife Livia. On the House of Augustus you’ll get to see the beautifully decorated rooms of the villas (including the emperor’s bedroom and study), which contain some exquisite, brightly coloured frescoes.
There was once an enormous temple dedicated to the god Apollo. During the construction of the House of Augustus, a lightning bolt struck the interior of the villa. Viewing this as an omen, Augustus decided to build the Temple of Apollo Palatinus. This grand temple, which was directly connected to the House of Augustus, had a gleaming facade and a rooftop lined with statues. Unfortunately, unlike the well-preserved villa, virtually nothing is left of the temple
Caligula was assassinated on the Palatine. The Praetorian Guards and senators conspired to have the emperor assassinated. Caligula was only 28 when he was attacked in the Cryptoporticus beneath the imperial palaces on the Palatine. One source claims that he was stabbed 30 times, and that his loyal Germanic guard responded by going on a murderous rampage, launching an indiscriminate attack on the assassins and innocent bystanders. Caligula’s uncle Claudius was found hiding behind a curtain in the palace, and became emperor shortly afterward
The first private botanical gardens in Europe were built on the Palatine. The wealthy cardinal Alessandro Farnese bought a section of the Palatine in 1550, and as well as converting part of the ruins of a Roman palace into a summer home, he also constructed some beautiful botanical gardens, containing a nymphaeum, frescoes, sculptures and an aviary.
the Colosseum and the Roman Forum in its entirety. As you admire the view from the terrace and gaze at the magnificent ruins of the Forum below, you’ll understand why the Palatine was once the most desirable place to live in Rome. With spectacular views of the city, cleaner air and cool breezes, the Palatine was the perfect retreat for aristocrats and emperors.
~by Alexandra Turney~
Galleria Borghese, in Rome Italy
Discover Villa Borghese, a wonderful park in the heart of Rome
Villa Borghese houses the world renowned Borghese collection of the Cardinal Scipione Borghese, one of the top tourist attractions of Rome. Here, the sculptures of Bernini or the paintings of Raphael, Titian, Caravaggio and others are on display, forming a fascinating art collection, unique in the world.
Gina Lorenzo Bernini, the leading sculptor of the 17th century, and the artist who made Rome the Baroque beauty we can still admire today,
It is “the greatest exhibition ever made on Bernini,” according to one of the curators, Andrea Bacchi: it features 76 of his works, many on loan from museums around the world, mostly marble sculptures, but also bronzes, paintings, sketches, on display in the rooms of the Borghese Gallery, which is celebrating 20 years since its reopening after a lengthy restoration with this exhibition, simply titled ‘Bernini’. The works on loan join some of Bernini’s masterpieces on permanent view at the gallery, including the spectacular Rape of Proserpine, Apollo and Daphne, and David.
“There could be no other place where to stage this exhibition,” said Galleria Borghese’s director Anna Coliva. It is in the Galleria Borghese that Bernini started his career, thanks to the wealthy and powerful Cardinal Scipione Borghese, Bernini’s early patron, the man who put together the first nucleus of the art collection on display in the gallery today.
La Roma Forum ,Rome Italy
Ticket features Instant ticket.
Show your smartphone voucher at the entrance gate of the Forum. Make sure to be there on time, at least 15 minutes before the start of the show!
delivery Smartphone tickets accepted ,
Duration About 40 minutes
Stand on a Roman staircase and watch a multimedia, visual spectacular on the ruins!Learn about the history of Rome and Augustus’ reign in the time of Rome’s imperial expansion .
This incredible, interactive show will be a highlight of your trip to Rome. Stand by the remains of a temple that once stood nine floors high and towered like a giant over the Forum, and absorb the history of the Roman Empire.
Forum of Augustus Evening Show
When in Rome… make some aptly-themed evening plans! The Forum of Augustus Evening Show is an amazing, interactive experience that catapults you back to Ancient Rome. Combining lights, projections, music, effects, and history. We came, we saw, we were entertained!
- Priority entrance to the Colosseum
Skip the security line
- Access to the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill
The Vatican City may be a tiny country (44 hectares), but it punches well above its weight in all categories. Most of all: culture. There’s so much art here that this institution is called the Vatican Museums, plural. These extraordinary attractions are located in the heart of Rome, near St. Peter’s Square.
Use that extra time to visit all four remarkable collections: classical sculpture, Renaissance masterpieces, and stunning artifacts from Ancient Egypt and the Etruscans.
Opening hoursToday: 09:00 – 18:00
- features Skip
- The Line Instant ticket
- delivery Smart phone tickets accepted
- Sistine Chapel and Vatican Museum: Skip the line (timed-entry) ticket
Unlimited time inside the Vatican Museums
Pantheon Rome ,Italy
è un edificio della Roma antica situato nel rione Pigna nel centro storico, costruito come tempio dedicato a tutte le divinità passate, presenti e future. Fu fondato nel 27 a.C. dall’arpinate Marco Vipsanio Agrippa, genero di August
The Pantheon is one of the most beautiful and fascinating Roman buildings, and today still remains a masterpiece of engineering: Its round shape and balanced and harmonious architecture still affect thousands of visitors every day, nearly 2,000 years after its construction.
The Pantheon inspired the greatest architects of the Renaissance, so much that Raphaelwanted to make it his eternal resting place, and Michelangelo considered it the work of angels and not men.
The word “Pantheon” in fact comes from the Greek and literally means (temple) “of all Gods” (“pan” = “all” and “theon” = “divine”).
Hadrian remembered Agrippa with an inscription on the lintel, which is still clearly visible: “M. Agrippa L. F. Cos. Tertium fecit.” The inscription translates to: “Built by Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, the year of his third Consulate.”
In 608 A.D., the Pantheon had passed officially to Christianity, when Pope Boniface IV had the bones of many martyrs taken from the Christian catacombs placed inside. This pagan temple was thus converted into a Christian basilica, called Santa Maria ad Martyres.
The dome of the Pantheon, with a diameter of 43.30 meters, still remains the largest dome in the world, surpassing both the dome of St. Peter (diameter 42.52 m) and the dome of Brunelleschi in Florence (lower diagonal 41.47 m) .
The inside of the dome is decorated with five rings of twenty-eight coffers, or sunken panels; twenty-eight was a number that the ancients considered perfect, since it’s obtained from the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 and seven is a number that represents perfection, because seven planets are visible to the naked eye.
The pronaos of the Pantheon (ie: the front, preceding the entrance) consists of 16 columns, made of pink and gray granite quarried in Egypt.
The grey granitecolumns that were actually used in the Pantheon’s pronaoswere quarried in Egyptat Mons Claudianus in the eastern mountains. Each was 39 feet tall, 5 feet in diameter, and 60 tons in weight.
Inside the Pantheon are the tombs of the first two kings of Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II and his son Umberto I
A Roman legend has it that rain does not enter the Pantheon, due to a so-called “chimney effect.” In reality it’s a false belief tied to the past, when many candles that were lit in the church to light it produced a stream of hot air rising upward and that, by meeting with the rain, thereby suppressed the perception of water coming in.
Opening and closing times:
- Daily 9:00 am to 7:00 pm
- Sunday 9:00 am to 6:00 pm
- Midweek holidays 9:00 am to 1:00 pm
- Closed December 25, January 1
- Last entry 15 minutes before closing
Perhaps one of the best known of Rome’s public squares, the Piazza Navona dates back to the end of the 15th century. Today, it fills with modern people sipping coffees while watching street performers and artists. Cafes abound, and there are a number of shops too, although recent visitors said both tend to be expensive. You’ll also find a number of impressive monuments, including one by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Fountain of the Four Rivers) and another by Francesco Borromini (Sant’Agnese in Agone).
Fu papa Innocenzo X, Giovanni Battista Pamphilj, ad arricchirla con quello stile monumentale che ancora oggi la contraddistingue. Straordinario simbolo della Roma barocca, impreziosita da elementi architettonici e scultorei di Gian LorenzoBernini, Girolamo Rinaldi, Francesco Borromini, e Pietro da Cortona. Svariati gli accessi alla piazza e sempre incantevole lo scenario che si propone al visitatore quando vi approda. Che vi si arrivi da via Agonale o via Della Posta Vecchia, vicolo della Cuccagna o via dei Lorenesi, piazza Navona incanta sempre per la sua grandezza, per la straordinaria cornice d’edifici storici che per l’atmosfera che si respira. La piazza è un ininterrotto susseguirsi di tesori: dalla chiesa di Sant’Agnese in Agone a Palazzo Braschi, da Palazzo De Torres-Lancellotti a Palazzo Pamphilj, da Palazzo Tuccimei alla fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, dalla fontana del Moro a quella di Nettuno.
FONTANA DEL NETTUNOSituata all’estremità settentrionale della piazza, era nota, un tempo, come “fontana dei Calderai”, così denominata perché ubicata nei pressi dell’antico vicolo dei calderai, popolata dalle botteghe di venditori di padelle, stoviglie e pentole. Alla vasca risalente al 1575-76, opera di Giacomo della Porta, si uniscono le sculture collocate secoli dopo, nel 1878, opera degli scultori Antonio della Bitta e Gregorio Zappalà.
FONTANA DEL MORORealizzata arricchendo la vasca polilobata di Giacomo della Porta su progetto di Gian Lorenzo Bernini, la Fontana del Moro si trova nella zona meridionale di piazza Navona. Caratterizzata da un personaggio marino-umano che si erge su una grossa conchiglia che trattiene per la coda e strangola con le gambe un delfino, vede sgorgare l’acqua dalla bocca del pesce a conferma dell’attitudine del Bernini di rendere spettacolare la fuoriuscita dell’acqua dalle sue fontane. Il nome della fontanache deriva dai tratti del protagonista scolpito.. Nel 1874 i gruppi scultorei della fontana vennero poi rimossi e trasferiti per essere sostituiti da copie di Luigi Amici
Taking a trip to see the fountains in Piazza Navona has always been a joy. I have visited the square for years and every time I notice something I didn’t see before. There is so much to see in this square and it’s easy to find a seat on the edges of the square and just people watch for hours. People come and go, but the fountains are a constant entertainment that never disappoint. I hope you enjoyed this post and I would be pleased to hear from you. What are your thoughts on the fountains in Piazza Navona?